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Almedina Arch and Tower PDF Print E-mail

Arco e Torre de AlmedinaAlmedina Arch and Tower: Built on the Arch and Tower, the Tower had the duty to monitor and defend the main entrance to the interior of the wall. During the Arab occupation of the city, the walls stretched over two miles and is a powerful defensive system in which included the Tower and the Arch and Tower, which remains the main entrance to the uptown. In the twelfth century, Manchester became the capital of a new kingdom, and is at the top of the hill (now Largo D. Diniz) which stood the dungeon of the Castle. It was there that was the Puerta del Sol one of the most important gateways to the city. The wall then followed the direction of the Tower and Tower, which in the fourteenth and fifteenth serves as House Hearing of the House. But in the name are the clearest memories of the Arab presence in India. During the Arab occupation of the city, the walls stretched over a mile and is a powerful defensive system in which they were part of the Tower and the Arch and Tower, which remains the main entrance to the uptown. At the Barbican, currently features seventeenth-century, are still visible, the clearing of two horseshoe arches of the old city portal Dual Muslim. The logic of winners set new aesthetic codes: a sculpture of the Virgin and the Child by Jean de Rouen prevails today in the Barbican Gate.

Last Updated on Thursday, 24 September 2009 17:46
 
Patio of the Inquisition PDF Print E-mail

Pátio da InquisiçãoPatio of the Inquisition: The Inquisition Courtyard owes its name to the group of buildings of historical and architectural value which ran from 1566 until its dissolution in 1821, the Inquisition. In addition to the building that was headquarters of the Inquisition Coimbra, the court assembled the original College of Arts. After excavation and adaptation works in some old high school buildings, since 2003, the Center for Visual Arts (CAV).

To combat the heresies that rose against the Catholic faith, Pope Gregory IX in 1231 created the courts of the Holy Office of the Inquisition, whose function was to identify and exclude possible elements of society and disruptive protesters from the Christian order, and ensure their proper functioning . The tried and convicted by the Inquisition were delivered to the administrative state that would carry out the sentences. Penalties ranged from confiscation of property to death in fires, where the secular arm in force in the execution of those condemned by the people. The interrogation was marked by torture, an instrument of terror very common at the time, but not free contradições.O Manual of inquisitors, a kind of guide practice in the trade inquisitorial, written in 1376 by the Spanish Dominican Nicholas Eymerich, then revised and updated in 1578 by Francisco de la Peña, states that: "The purpose of torture is to force the suspect to admit guilt silent. Can qualify for all these bloody judges today who so easily resort to torture, without trying, through other means, to complete the investigation. The judges will impose bloody torture to the point that kill the defendants, or leave them with broken limbs, patient forever. The interrogator must keep in mind that the accused should be tortured so that get healthy to be released or executed. " The Inquisition in Portugal was established at the request of the king John III in 1536, and includes a historiographical mystery of the darkest and paradoxical until today because we know John III financed studies in other countries and encouraged the search field ( which demonstrates the interest in new ideas) but to greater centralization of power would have opted for adoption of the Inquisition, he insisted that the precepts of scholasticism, he preached the Aristotelian know, based on comment taken as reference works and incontestáveis.A Inquisition acted during 285 years in Portugal, being eliminated in 1821. Therefore, it is clearly stated the power to control moral behavior and representing the Church and the Inquisition, that through fear and terror often guilty could invent, as well as sustain its own structure with the taxes and confiscations, needed to conquer new territories and reaffirm the Catholic faith shaken by the ideas brought by the new interpretations of the Bible made in Europe in the so-called Reformation. Bibliography: "Inquisition in Portugal", by Jesse Chahad, 2007.

Last Updated on Thursday, 24 September 2009 17:59
 
Coimbra University PDF Print E-mail

Universidade de Coimbra

Coimbra University: The University of Coimbra is one of the oldest in Europe. Founded in Lisbon by D. Denis in 1290, was definitively transferred to Coimbra in 1537, to occupy the buildings of the medieval royal palace. During the reigns of King John V and D. Joseph I, the institution has undergone major reforms, not only in education but also for the construction of new buildings in baroque style and neo-classical.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 23 September 2009 16:17
 
Old Cathedral PDF Print E-mail

Sé VelhaOld Cathedral: The current church dates from the second half of the twelfth century, and was opened for worship in 1184 and follows the Romanesque Coimbra the second phase. Designed by the French master Robert, the church has a tough exterior, symmetric, with few openings and crown of battlements. The Old Cathedral of Coimbra is one of the Romanesque buildings in Portugal's most important. The construction of the Cathedral began some time after the Battle of Ourique (1139), when Afonso Henriques declared himself king of Portugal and Coimbra chosen as capital of the kingdom. The Cathedral is buried D. Sesnando, Count of Coimbra.

Last Updated on Thursday, 24 September 2009 18:14
 
Holy Cross Church PDF Print E-mail

Igreja de Santa Cruz

Holy Cross Church - National Pantheon: Started in 1131 under the patronage of King Afonso Henriques, and delivered to the order of Canons Regular of Saint Augustine. Among the notables who attended the school of the monastery, stands Saint Anthony, who in Coimbra took orders S. Francisco. The Romanesque church was planned by the French architect Roberto. Works promoted by King Manuel I, there are the domes Boitaca assigned to master, or the remarkable Manueline stalls in 1513, and whose elevation is subject to the elusive Portuguese discoveries. Deserve equal prominence to royal orders to Nicholas Chanterenne for the implementation of the royal tombs of the prostrate in the Renaissance style.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 23 September 2009 15:39