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Who was Inês de Castro? PDF Print E-mail

Estátua Dona Inês no Hotel

Pires Inês de Castro was an out-of-mariage daughter of D. Pedro Fernandez de Castro, powerful Castilian nobleman, and sister of D. Fernando and D. Alvaro Pires de Castro, gentlemen of great political power and manor. The couple came to Portugal in 1340, integrated in the entourage of Princess D. Manuel Constance, daughter of D. John Manuel, respectable opponent of the then King of Castile, D. Alfonso XI, at the conclusion of the marriage of D. Constance with D. Peter, son of D. Afonso IV, King of Portugal. The marriage of convenience, Objective calm the frenzy of the monarchs, D. Afonso IV and D. Alfonso XI, kings in permanent conflict, in a state of mutual guerrillas. D. Pedro, a man of fiery and independent nature, love for the beautiful Ines, called by the poets of "lap of heron." She became the soul mate that led to flout the conventions courtesans and challenge head on everything and everyone. And, after the death of D. Constance at the birth of his son D. Fernando, the future successor of D. Pedro on the throne of Portugal, Infante took to clear, the link which even live with her in the Queen's Palace in Santa Clara, Coimbra. Not trying to D. Afonso IV to make the connection abort, exilando Inês de Castro in the castle of Albuquerque Ouguela in the view of Extremadura, had results, as can not be the best luck in exile in Sierra El-King, Moledo, Canidelo (near Gaia) . The Court that remained, often in the city of Mondego, not pleased by the relationship between the two love. Considered a daring affront. It is understood that the connection was indecorosa by religious and moral problems raised, and the danger they bring to the kingdom because of the influence of the family Castros, which hinted at the Infante. The intrigues of King hasten the monarch to act. Thus, the web around Inês swell, though it live, lightly, his romance with Peter in the bucolic banks of the Mondego. The chess pieces of the complex would be set for the denouement. D. Afonso IV understood the reasons which impelled to take a decision, but hesitate. However, it is time the verdict. Met its Council on Montemor-o-Velho to analyze the attitude to take. Among the directors there were Diogo Lopes Pacheco, Alvaro Gonçalves and Pero Coelho. The meeting was, in practice, a trial where the accused was not present. El-King decided the execution of Inês. And, in the cold morning of 7 January 1355, when the fog of the river still had not been dispelled, the royal executioner, taking advantage of the absence of Infante to their usual hunted, penetrated and there decapitated in step "after one that killed was queen. " D. Peter, on receiving the news was angry. When ascended the throne, at the age of 37 years, after two on the tragic death, he thought that the time had come to adjust the accounts. Reigned, then in Castile, D. Peter, "The Cruel". He had many enemies. Spread violence and pursue their opponents. To achieve them capture concluded a treaty with D. Pedro, where the two monarchs have pledged to arrest those exiles of the two kingdoms and their delivery in mutual border. The Portuguese were the target of advisers D. Pedro IV that influenced the decision of the king. The exchange of prisoners Castilian and Portuguese took place. The Castilian supliciados were in Seville and the Portuguese, Alvaro Gonçalves and Pero Coelho, in Santarém. Diogo Pacheco saved up, according to tradition, it was warned by a beggar who gave alms, that would be arrested. Changed clothes to the poor and escaped with up to Aragon and then to France. The popular tradition has it, later, to live in Piodão, Arganil. But Coelho, told you to take heart at the chest and the backs Alvaro Gonçalves, as the men held without heart.
Saciada the thirst for revenge, D. Pedro transladação ordered the body of Agnes from the modest grave in Coimbra, delicately carved into a tomb that had put the monastery of Alcobaça. The coffin had praise for something different and majestic. The casket left the Santa Clara, brought by knights, and was accompanied by many aristocratic people, clergy and maidens. Along the way men who were willing círios commitment so that when the body of Agnes walked through círios lit. In the monastery was celebrated many Masses and other ceremonies with great solemnity and the casket was placed in the memorial tomb.

Later, D. Peter had run another chest tombs, similar to that of his beloved art, placing it next to her and wanted to be buried. And, to date, the two lovers eternal rest together, separated by stone but united by the love that has no end. Looking dignify the name of his beloved, D. Pedro said, presenting witnesses (D. Gil, bishop of Guarda, and Stephen Lobato, you created), which seven years before they marry in Bragança. The public statement was issued in Cantanhede to 12 June 1360, when that town. Inês de Castro immortalized in poems of great beauty and sensuality, revived in many writers of different languages, enhanced in musical compositions of rare sound, recreated by painters, sculptors from around the world, continues to lavish food men and women of science, the letters and arts. A lady who passed the physical and cultural borders, which projected Coimbra, scale the myth created around its history, involving the city itself, remains a legendary aura transported to other ages and places.

(Mário Nunes, "The Paths of Heritage II", 1995, pp. 126/128)